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What is Civil Engineering? Courses, Syllabus, and Advantages

Pursuing Civil Engineering allows you to perform several momentous jobs. In today’s world, where the population is increasing rapidly and the demand for suitable housing is burgeoning, therefore, the demand for Civil Engineers is also surging. This didactic blog will introduce you to the various aspects of Civil Engineering and the wide scope it offers you.

What is Civil Engineering?

Civil Engineering is a professional course that includes planning, designing, construction, managing, maintaining, and felicitating vital facets of modern life such as highways, tunnels, railway tracks inter alia.

What does a Civil Engineer do?

Civil Engineers are tasked with maintaining, constructing, refurbishing, and superintending development projects that are substantial to the country’s economic growth and keep the wheels of the economy running.

Admission Eligibility

Students who have passed their 10+2 with science as their stream of choice are taken into consideration for admission in the civil engineering course. The desired subjects should be Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics, along with an additional language as a subject. 

Entrance Exams

Some of the leading entrance exams in civil engineering held nationally are: 

  • JEE Mains
  • JEE Advanced

What do you study in the Civil Engineering course?

The Civil Engineering Curriculum includes the following key subjects:

Introduction to Civil Engineering, Engineering Mechanics for Civil Engineers, Basic Electronics, Engineering Geology, Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, Surveying & Geomatics, Geotechnical Engineering, Structural Engineering, Concrete Technology, Environmental Engineering, Construction Engineering & Management and many more. 

After completion of the course, one would be able to decide whether to pursue the M.Tech course in various specializations like Structural Engineering, Transportation Engineering, Environment Engineering, Remote Sensing, etc., according to one’s interest. 

Skills required for Civil Engineering

Some of the essential skills that a student would inculcate to become a successful civil engineer are:

  • Communication Skills (Both Written and Oral)
  • Organizational Skills
  • Decision-Making ability
  • Problem-Solving ability
  • Leadership Quality

Courses in Civil Engineering

Courses that one can pursue to make a career in civil engineering are:

Specializations in Civil Engineering

The discipline of civil engineering comes with some very intriguing specializations. Some of these specializations are:

  • Structural Engineering
  • Construction Management
  • Transportation Engineering
  • Architectural Engineering
  • Hydraulic Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering 
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Land Development

Scope of Civil Engineering

Employment opportunities for Civil Engineers are ubiquitous not only in India but also abroad. It has been broadly divided into two categories – Public sector jobs and Private sector jobs.

The private sector can be defined as an integral part of a country’s economy which is not subjected to the control of the state, this sector includes the various multinational companies also known as MNC’s.

Private Sector

A civil engineer is highly in demand in 

  • Architecture and planning Companies
  • Mechanical and Industrial Companies
  • Mining Companies
  • Construction Companies and many others.

Public sector 

The Public sector undertakings (PSU’s) provides a lot of job opportunities, some of the PSU’s are as follows-:

  • Dakshin Gujarat Vij Company Limited (DGVCL)
  • Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL)
  • Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC)
  • Delhi Development Authority (DDA)
  • Coal India Limited (CIL)

Read More:-  Career Opportunities in Civil Engineering

The prestigious Indian Engineering Services (IES) provides Engineers to work directly under the Union Government of India. The Armed forces of India also provide various vacancies for Civil Engineers. The greater cooperation between the Government and the private units is also widening the scope of employability for Civil Engineers in the form of a Public-Private Partnership (PPP).

Civil Engineering Salary

A fresher entering the job market in civil engineering will get a package in the range of 3 to 6 LPA. A mid-level employee will see a raise of 6-10 LPA whereas, the senior-level employee will get a package of more than 10 LPA. 

Civil Engineering not only provides a promising career but is also vital for economic growth, sustainable development, and community growth.

Written By:- Ms. Sonal Bhugra, Assistant Professor, Dept of Civil Engineering, FET, MRIIRS

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